Archive for the APPF ( Asia Pasific Parliamentary Forum ) Category

JOINT COMMUNIQUE of THE 17th ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ASIA-PACIFIC PARLIAMENTARY FORUM (APPF) 11-15 January 2009, Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR

Posted in APPF ( Asia Pasific Parliamentary Forum ), THE 17th APPF Meeting -LAOS 2009 on February 12, 2009 by Nyoman Rudana

 

 

At the invitation of the Lao National Assembly, the 17th Annual Meeting of the Asia-Pacific Parliamentary Forum (APPF) was held in Vientiane, the capital of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic from 11-15th January 2009 with participants from 22 member parliaments, 1 observer country (Brunei Darussalam) and 1 special guest (Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)). The list of participants is attached.

 

The Executive Committee convened its meeting on the 11th January 2009. The report of the Executive Committee meeting is attached. The inaugural ceremony was held on the 12th January 2009. His Excellency Mr. Thongsing Thammavong, President of the 17th APPF and President of the Lao National Assembly delivered the opening speech in which he extended a warm welcome to all participants and declared the 17th Annual Meeting of the APPF officially open.

 

Honorable Mr. Yasuhiro Nakasone, APPF Honorary President’s message was delivered at the Meeting by Mr. Yanagimoto, Acting Head of the Japanese Delegation, and Mr. Lindsay Tisch, Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives of New Zealand addressed the participants. Opening remarks were also made by Mr. Anders Johnsson, the IPU Secretary General.

 

Delegations were honored and pleased to have had the opportunity to call on His Excellency Mr. Choummaly Sayasone, President of the Lao PDR, and His Excellency Mr. Bouasone Bouphavanh, Prime Minister of the Lao PDR.

 

At the plenary session on economic and trade issues, delegates discussed a number of topics and drafted resolutions on overcoming the global financial crisis, n energy security, the world economic situation and raising the level of egotiations of the Doha Round, sustainable tourism, food security, trade and capital flows within the Asia Pacific.

 

 

At the plenary session on political and security issues, delegates discussed a number of topics and drafted resolutions on political security in the Asia Pacific region, denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, strengthening of peace and security in South East Asia, cluster munitions, terrorism and the Middle East peace process. The delegation from Singapore presented a report on the recent ASEAN Regional Forum 2008.

 

 

 

 

 

At the plenary session on inter-parliamentary cooperation matters, delegates discussed a range of topics and tabled resolutions on parliamentary capacity building, the importance of action in relation to climate change and environmental issues, natural disaster management, poverty reduction and gender issues on parliaments.

 

At the plenary session on APPF matters, participants discussed a number of specific topics regarding the future of APPF, and agreed to convene the 18th APPF Annual Meeting from 17th – 23rd January, 2010 in Singapore at the invitation of the Parliament of Singapore. The Japanese delegation took the floor and introduced the proposal made by the Honorary President of the APPF, the Honorable Mr. Yasuhiro Nakasone, that the Japanese Diet will host the APPF-20 Annual Meeting in 2012 which will commemorate the 20th Anniversary of the APPF and consider the future role of the APPF.

 

The 17th Annual Meeting of the APPF adopted 16 resolutions on the aforementioned issues. These resolutions are attached. The meeting thanked the drafting committee for its efforts in developing a package of resolutions and the joint communiqué which represent the meaningful outcome of the meeting.

 

The 17th Annual Meeting of the APPF expressed its high appreciation andgratitude to the Lao National Assembly for its organization, hospitality and arrangements which made the 17th Annual Meeting of the APPF a success. Special thanks go in particular to His Excellency Mr. Thongsing Thammavong , the President of the 17th Annual Meeting of the APPF and The President of Lao National Assembly, for his excellent guidance, and to the Lao delegation and all the staff of the secretariat for their hard work, thus bringing the current meeting to a successful conclusion

.

 

 

 

POINT OF INTERVENTION ON THE AGENDA ITEMS OF 17TH APPF MEETING In Vientiane, Lao PDR, 11 – 15 January 2009

Posted in APPF ( Asia Pasific Parliamentary Forum ), APPF Laos 2008 on January 11, 2009 by Nyoman Rudana

 I.      POLITICAL  AND SECURITY MATTERS

 

1. ARF 2008 in Singapore

 

Participation of Indonesia in many regional organizations would be utilized in order to maintain the Indonesian national interest. Political communication will be enhanced in order the people’ interest reflecting Indonesia participation in such regional and sub regional organization and in exchange to the benefit of the organization concerned for the sake in attaining the necessity of Indonesia.

 

Hence, Indonesia will utilize to its participation at ASEAN Regional Forum to maintain the sovereign and integrity of the Unitary State of The Republic of Indonesia, particularly through increasing proactive action in maintaining the stability and security of Asia Pacific regions  at the forum.

 

2. Review on The Political and Security Situation in the Asia Pasific Region and in the world.

 

3.             Peace and Stability in North Asia

 

 As a peace loving country, Indonesia  is opposed any kind of nuclear weapon’s tests and their means of delivery because it violates the Non Proliferation Treaty ( NPT ) and the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Band Treaty  ( CTBT ). Against these background, Indonesia fully supports “the Second Phase of Action for The Implementation of The Joint Statement “    signed by the six parties on October 3, 2007, which aimed at the denuclearization of the North Korea. To achieve this goal, the six Parties and others involved in the North Korean nuclear issue, should build closer international cooperation amongst them.

 

In addition, the Indonesian government always break through any development and protection of Human Rights in North Korea and request  its government to pay attention in international community concerned in relation with the kidnapping foreigners. Therefore Indonesia always push out all parties concerned to accelerate their commitment that has reached as according to the deciding schedules.

 

4.             Peace and Stability in Southeast Asia

 

a.       South Thailand matters

 

Indonesia considers South Thailand matters as its internal affairs, so that international communities should honor and let Thailand overcome their problems.

 

b.       Border crossing matters between Thai – Cambodia

 

Indonesia considers that border crossing problems should be solved through bilateral relation and peace approach under the Joint Border Commission and by the Spirit of ASEAN solidarity such as Treaty of Amity and Cooperation.

 

 

c.       South Philippines Problems

 

Indonesia wishes to witness the peace and security  situation in Southeast Asia and furthermore become the foundation to promote the creation of ASEAN community.

 

d.      Current Political Development in Myanmar

 

For Indonesia, this Myanmar issue will be focused into three ( 3 ) prospective namely domestic, regional ( ASEAN ) and international which each of them is interrelated. In the context of domestic issue, the current situation in Myanmar is not only have a  tendency to democracy crisis and Human Rights issues but also as implication of complex situation which is effecting to poverty crisis, national resilience and conflict among ethnics as well as disintegration threatening.

 

The solution for Myanmar issues is expedited by Indonesia not only in the framework of bilateral relationship with Myanmar but also in the context of regional / international. Indonesia, along with India, China and other ASEAN countries , through using such as constructive engagement’s approach in this case of Myanmar.

 

 

 

5. Middle East Process

 

Entering the new year of 2009, Indonesia have still witnessed that the complex situation in the Middle East remains to be an impediment towards the peace process. Indonesia diplomacy and humanitarian aid help Palestinians in their struggle for a separate state and to hold the ongoing Israeli military offensive in Gaza stripes.

 

Indonesian government issued a statement sent to UN calling on “ Israeli to immediately and its arbitrary use of force which contravenes international law,  including the Geneve Convention.”

 

Therefore Indonesia calls for an immediate end to the grand operation, and asks Israel to do all possible to ensure the protection of civilians and that humanitarians assistance is able to reach those in need. Therefore further Indonesia condemns the Israeli aggression to the Gaza stripes.

 

Furthermore, Indonesia urges Palestina and Israeli to continuously develop direct and immediate negotiations to solve the existing core issues between the two parties, mediated by the quarter and the international community.

 

In this regard, Indonesia believes that unity and strong brotherhood  of the Palestinians is fundamental to materialize as independent, sovereign State of Palestine with Jerusalem as its capital. Therefore, internal dialogue and negotiation between conflicting parties should be promoted towards  national reconciliation.

 

To this end due to the recent aggression of the Israeli to Gaza Strips of Palestine, the Indonesian Senate of the Republic of Indonesia declared as follows :

In monitoring current situation in Middle East, particularly in Palestine, the Indonesian Senate viewed that :

 

1.        the Israeli’s aggression was human criminal and therefore as evidence to an arrogancy and cruelty of Israeli and his allies.

2.        Ignorance of some Middle East countries concerning of genocide.

3.        The United Nations is malfunction in maintain sovereign of states and world peace from human criminal in Gaza Strips.  

 

To this end, the Indonesian Senate strongly condemned the aggression of Isreaeli into Palestine and therefore declares as follows :

 

1.       To appeal the government to :

a.     Take diplomatic and other steps that urge the cease of the Israel aggression in Palestine either in short or long term.

b.   To enhance the humanitarian aid and deliver the Peace Keeping Corps in Palestine.

 

2.         To appeal the  UN to :

a.    To stop the Israeli aggression by sending the Peace Corps to Palestine.

b.   To ensure the sovereign of the Palestine country and urges Israel to exiles from the Palestine region.

c.    If point a and b  cannot be executed, Indonesia must encourage all the peace loving countries to urgently reformed the UN.

 

3.        To further appeal the countries in the Middle East regions in order to accelerate  regional consolidation to be deliberately proactive involving in the cease of Israeli aggression in Palestine.

 

4.        To invite the government ( regional and central ) and all communities concerned to accommodate  humanitarian support for the victims of Israeli aggression in Palestine.

 

5.        To  further appeal the International high Court to bring into  court of those who involved in the said crime and give their evidence of  responsibility on the case of  Palestine aggression.   

 

 

 

6. Cluster Munitions

 

Cluster munitions are the kind of explosive or sub-munitions with round  size as an orange or soft drink that can be attracting to children but its explosion capacity maybe totally damaging a run way of airplanes, tanks or even army troops. Therefore the Secretary General of UN mentioned that “ the atrocious, in human efforts to these weapons should be seriously taken care of”. Hence the campaign of this anti weapon would be supported by all civilians in the world. The forbidden issue of this weapon always appears in every agenda topic of Convention of certain Convention Weapons in Geneve last November 2006. Nevertheless, Indonesia is not a part of this convention. Discussion on this cluster weapon failed to reach a success due to resistance coming from some countries such as USA, UK, The Federation of Russia and China.

 

7.  Terrorism : refer to APEC point II 1 e.

 

 

II. ECONOMIC AND TRADE MATTERS

 

1.     APEC 2008 in PERU

 

The result of APEC 2008 from 22 – 23 Nov 2008 with its theme “ A New Commitment to the Asia Pasific Development” has reached the so called APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting Declaration” consists of important issues namely :

 

a)     Global economic situation and WTO Doha Development Agenda negotiations.

b)     Promoting Food and Energy Securities.

c)      Advancing Regional Integration and proposals for the development of the regional community.

d)      Corporate Social Responsibility ( CSR )

e)     Human securities including counter of Terrorism and Emergency Preparedness, Anti Corruption and Transparency.  

 

In terrorism issue, all leaders emphasize on the APEC commitment relating to the trade in order to enhance welfare and sustainable development in Asia Pacific Regions from any other natural disaster and welcome to joint initiative Australia – Indonesia Facility on Disaster Reduction.

 

f)       Anti corruption Declaration on the Financial Markets.

 

 

2.     WTO 2008

 

In general, Indonesia still supports the initiative for continuing Doha Round Meeting. The failure of the Ministerial Level Meeting in July 2008 was a moment for Indonesia to review study in details through the opportunity based on the principle to be defended against further meeting. Indonesia has to review her position maximally  regaring her point of view that the international trade is the source of financial development followed could reduce poverty. So that Indonesia can be more proactive in the next Doha Round Development Meeting and therefore such development becomes an important goal.

 

Part of Indonesia’s strategies are to actively participate at every group such as G -33, Cairo Group, New G – 6 and NAMA ( Non Agricultural Market Access)- 11 reflecting in WTO as the forum to discuss international trade issues for the benefit of Indonesia.

 

 

3.     Sustainable Tourism.

 

In Indonesia Development Guidelines 1999, tourism in Indonesia has to be developed through an integrated system, interdisciplinary, participatory approach, using economical and technical criteria, ergonomic, sosio cultural sensitivity, energy saving, nature conservation and minimizing the environmental impact. The old tourism development approach has been changed to increase the welfare of local people participating in tourism.

 

Based on the fact that opportunity to develop ecotourism as a strategy to build sustainable tourism is huge.

 

Indonesia considers that ecotourism is a comprehensive tool to conserve biodiversity and to involve local communities and organization in a participatory way to drive maximum benefit in a sustainable way. Ecotourism has a potential to improve the quality of the environment, cultural values, local community prosperity, and the quality of human relations in general.

 

All the abovementioned hope in regard with sustainable tourism would become reality if the following activities can be focused, accelerated and arrange as :

 

a.    Research and planning

 

Actively conducting research to find a simple solution in creating models of ecotourism development.

 

b.    Capacity Building

 

Improving technical capacity is one of the key of success factors in achieving sustainable tourism management. Empowerment not only be enhanced as local community levelbut more importantly at the level of tourism developers, managers and decision makers. It’s also necessary to build the capacity of ecotourism planning and management by facilitating information access,providing human resources development through training and provide opportunity for internship.

 

c.     Destination Development

 

Facilitating regional and local partners to develop their areas to become ecotourism destination development becomes a priority. The role of destination development creates a model of ecotourism development which is appropriate for and can accommodate nature conservation, cultural heritage and community participation.

 

Some example in the development of community based ecotourism in Togean islands, central Sulawesi, Conservation Education based ecotourism in Gunung Halimun National Park, West Java, Ecotourism Development in Betung Kerihun National Park in West Kalimantan, Community based Ecotourism Development in Menoreh and Borobudur, Magelang district – Central Java, Wakatobi, Island for ocean tourism in south east Sulawesi, and West Bali National Park.

 

d.    Marketing

 

Taking the opportunity to promote ecotourism products, in the form of books, newsletters, policy papers and ecotourism packages. As marketing is one of the biggest obstacles in community based ecotourism development in Indonesia. It needs a coordinating market efforts and supported marketing through its international networking.

 

e.    Monitoring and Evaluation

 

To guarantee visitors satisfaction, local economic growth, natural resources protection, positive cultural exchange,  heritage preservation and community involvement in ecotourism. It needs to develop guidelines to monitoring and evaluation for ecotourism destinations as part of its responsibility to minimize negative impact. For example, monitoring system in Bodogol Conservation Education Center in Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park, implementing environmental programs in number of hotels in Bali under Bali Focus and supported by Center for Environmental Leadership in Business Conservation International.

 

 

4. Food Security  

 

The rising price of the main food supplies has a direct impact on the food sustainability, not only to the importer  but also to the producer countries. The rising price of food supply will cause the availability of food supply substantially decrease and purchasing power of the low income societies become very low.

 

The increasing price of food supplies lately will also be triggered by something in dilemma, there is the arising attention towards climate change leading to bio-energy development. In this case, Indonesia has the capability to maintain the balance of the national food  demand and supply, in order to stabilize the national food pricing.

 

For Indonesia, the main priority is not to decrease the price, but more into stabilizing the food pricing to make it affordable for the low income society. Rational price will be an opportunity, incentive and also a trigger for the farmers to increase the food productivity.

 

Indonesia considers that farming policy, either at the national or international level should be reorganized. The farming sustainability should be replaced as the center of the national development strategy.

 

 

5.   Energy Security   

 

The energy crisis faced by a number of countries in the world including Indonesia has caused various socio economy impact especially due to the budget burden bearing the subsidy, either the direct fuel subsidy ( domestic and transportation sectors ) or electricity subsidy due to the dependency to fossil energy at the most of electricity reactors.

 

Indonesia has very big potential renewable energy. The Indonesia’s geographical and natural resources has made several regions capable in developing renewable energy either in small or bigger scales. 

 

Referring to the unique position of Indonesia as both the energy producer and consumer, in this energy security,  Indonesia stresses on the importance of the energy security of supply and continuing flow of supply. For this reason, the increasing oil price occurred lately became the right momentum to develop the renewable energy.             

 

Indonesia considers the  importance of  energy diversification through the development of renewable energy as a strategic movement in order to maintain the energy supply security.  In  this case, Indonesia strives to implement the energy mix strategy through increasing the portion of the new energy usage followed by target and certain time period.

 

 

 

III. INTER PARLIAMENTARY  COOPERATION MATTERS 

 

1.     Legislation

 

2.     Parliamentary Capacity Building

 

3.     Natural Disaster Management

 

Natural disaster is one of the pressing issues in our region. It inflicts enormous losses in human lives and catastrophic repercussion on economy.  No countries is immune to natural disasters, and no single country can cope with disasters by itself. In addition of preparedness, disasters and emergency responses are trans –boundary in nature. This high level of interdependence should therefore be addressed accordingly through collective measures. Every major disasters requires the immediate emergency responses.

 

The high potency of natural disasters is basically not more than the natural phenomenon that geographically  specific for our country. Indonesia is an archipelago where the three largest plates of world meet, there are Indo- Australia plate, Eurasia plate, and Pasific plate. The interaction between these plates will further place Indonesia as the region which has a high activity of volcanoes and earthquakes.

 

At this point, Indonesia is considered as a potential disaster region. So the understanding and sustainable early disaster management should be developed, in order to enable us loving side by side in harmony with it.

 

One of the strategies to reduce the loss due to  disaster occurrence possibility is by implementing a routine and sustainable mitigation. Mitigation will be more precise and accurate through the risk evaluation approach. Proactive approach to reduce the risk of disasters becomes one of the most important issues of mitigation activities, thatin the end every society is able to adapt with the potential risk of disasters.

 

There’s the urgency for Indonesia to expedite the birth process of The Disaster Management Act. We monitor that there are many parties that have given input and even assist us in developing the draft of the Bill to the House of Representatives.

 

Also, the disaster management guidance have been scattered in various international instruments such as Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian / Disaster Relief  sponsored by the Red Cross Federation and Red Crescent International and several international NGOs concerning  in humanitarian aids.

 

Beside this, simultaneously, legislatives and executives can ratify the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. Therefore, many victims of conflicts and aftermaths in Indonesia often exile and deserted in another country.

 

Another urgent matter is taking care of the IDPs ( Internally Displaced Persons ) that is outside of the jurisdiction of the 1951 Refugees Convention that only mentions about the inter- country refuge.  This IDP issue should  be integrated with the Disaster Management Act or a new Act should be developed. The reference will lead to The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement produced by Office for Coordinating of humanitarian Agencies ( OCHA ) of the United Nations in 1998.    

 

4.     Poverty Reduction

 

Indonesia national development process refers to the Millenium Declaration 2000 aims to increase the level of human quality of life in year 2015, especially through global poverty reduction program. The ultimate challenge faced in order to alleviate poverty is the challenge in  achieving the reduction target in half of the world poverty society. According to MDGs Report in 2006, total population earn less than USD 1 is 19% from the world population. Comparing to previous years, the number of the poverty societies  have been decreased, but total population with extreme poverty has been increased up to 140 millions.     

 

 

 In national level, the government should empower and develop SME (Small Medium Enterprises ) in order to alleviate poverty especially through micro credit financing. In this case, Indonesia should put effort on increasing her role and participation of the developing countries effectively in the decision making in international finance especially in the FID frame. International aid channelled to developing countries for carrying development, is manifested in the form of ODA, elimination or reduction of foreign debt, and increasing capacity. It’s also given through the increasing access towards international money market.

 

Indonesia should also encourage the donor countries, financial institutions and also the UN so that debt swap for MDGs and debt to equity swap can be accepted widely. 

 

 

5.     Gender Issues in Parliament

 

As stated by Kofi Annan, former secretary general of the United Nations, the role of women in decision making was central to the advancement of women around the world. As women are effected as any man by the challenges facing humanity in the 21st century, it is therefore, right and indeed, necessary that women should be engaged in decision 

 

Therefore, Indonesia should  promote processes to further confine women to play more active role in all aspects of our life, ultimately in state hood and in governance. Attention should be given on how to  address women’s under representation in national government around the world, and particularly in the Asia Pacific. Furthermore, we should also promote woman empowerment through adequate and equal access to good education, capacity building and cooperation. Exchange of best practices among our nation is one sure way to achieve it.

 

Efforts at national levels should be undertake, which includes campaign to increase awareness, policy reforms, improved legislative frameworks and institution development, establishment of national policies an of women strategies for gender equality and regional instruments for the protection of the human right    (attached by its paper issued by IPU) 

 

IV. APPF MATTERS

1. APPF Membership

2. APPF Observer  Status

3. APPF Rules of Procedures

4. Date and venue of APPF’S18th Annual Meeting

5. Others