Posted in APPF ( Asia Pasific Parliamentary Forum ), APPF Laos 2008 on January 11, 2009 by Nyoman Rudana



1. ARF 2008 in Singapore


Participation of Indonesia in many regional organizations would be utilized in order to maintain the Indonesian national interest. Political communication will be enhanced in order the people’ interest reflecting Indonesia participation in such regional and sub regional organization and in exchange to the benefit of the organization concerned for the sake in attaining the necessity of Indonesia.


Hence, Indonesia will utilize to its participation at ASEAN Regional Forum to maintain the sovereign and integrity of the Unitary State of The Republic of Indonesia, particularly through increasing proactive action in maintaining the stability and security of Asia Pacific regions  at the forum.


2. Review on The Political and Security Situation in the Asia Pasific Region and in the world.


3.             Peace and Stability in North Asia


 As a peace loving country, Indonesia  is opposed any kind of nuclear weapon’s tests and their means of delivery because it violates the Non Proliferation Treaty ( NPT ) and the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Band Treaty  ( CTBT ). Against these background, Indonesia fully supports “the Second Phase of Action for The Implementation of The Joint Statement “    signed by the six parties on October 3, 2007, which aimed at the denuclearization of the North Korea. To achieve this goal, the six Parties and others involved in the North Korean nuclear issue, should build closer international cooperation amongst them.


In addition, the Indonesian government always break through any development and protection of Human Rights in North Korea and request  its government to pay attention in international community concerned in relation with the kidnapping foreigners. Therefore Indonesia always push out all parties concerned to accelerate their commitment that has reached as according to the deciding schedules.


4.             Peace and Stability in Southeast Asia


a.       South Thailand matters


Indonesia considers South Thailand matters as its internal affairs, so that international communities should honor and let Thailand overcome their problems.


b.       Border crossing matters between Thai – Cambodia


Indonesia considers that border crossing problems should be solved through bilateral relation and peace approach under the Joint Border Commission and by the Spirit of ASEAN solidarity such as Treaty of Amity and Cooperation.



c.       South Philippines Problems


Indonesia wishes to witness the peace and security  situation in Southeast Asia and furthermore become the foundation to promote the creation of ASEAN community.


d.      Current Political Development in Myanmar


For Indonesia, this Myanmar issue will be focused into three ( 3 ) prospective namely domestic, regional ( ASEAN ) and international which each of them is interrelated. In the context of domestic issue, the current situation in Myanmar is not only have a  tendency to democracy crisis and Human Rights issues but also as implication of complex situation which is effecting to poverty crisis, national resilience and conflict among ethnics as well as disintegration threatening.


The solution for Myanmar issues is expedited by Indonesia not only in the framework of bilateral relationship with Myanmar but also in the context of regional / international. Indonesia, along with India, China and other ASEAN countries , through using such as constructive engagement’s approach in this case of Myanmar.




5. Middle East Process


Entering the new year of 2009, Indonesia have still witnessed that the complex situation in the Middle East remains to be an impediment towards the peace process. Indonesia diplomacy and humanitarian aid help Palestinians in their struggle for a separate state and to hold the ongoing Israeli military offensive in Gaza stripes.


Indonesian government issued a statement sent to UN calling on “ Israeli to immediately and its arbitrary use of force which contravenes international law,  including the Geneve Convention.”


Therefore Indonesia calls for an immediate end to the grand operation, and asks Israel to do all possible to ensure the protection of civilians and that humanitarians assistance is able to reach those in need. Therefore further Indonesia condemns the Israeli aggression to the Gaza stripes.


Furthermore, Indonesia urges Palestina and Israeli to continuously develop direct and immediate negotiations to solve the existing core issues between the two parties, mediated by the quarter and the international community.


In this regard, Indonesia believes that unity and strong brotherhood  of the Palestinians is fundamental to materialize as independent, sovereign State of Palestine with Jerusalem as its capital. Therefore, internal dialogue and negotiation between conflicting parties should be promoted towards  national reconciliation.


To this end due to the recent aggression of the Israeli to Gaza Strips of Palestine, the Indonesian Senate of the Republic of Indonesia declared as follows :

In monitoring current situation in Middle East, particularly in Palestine, the Indonesian Senate viewed that :


1.        the Israeli’s aggression was human criminal and therefore as evidence to an arrogancy and cruelty of Israeli and his allies.

2.        Ignorance of some Middle East countries concerning of genocide.

3.        The United Nations is malfunction in maintain sovereign of states and world peace from human criminal in Gaza Strips.  


To this end, the Indonesian Senate strongly condemned the aggression of Isreaeli into Palestine and therefore declares as follows :


1.       To appeal the government to :

a.     Take diplomatic and other steps that urge the cease of the Israel aggression in Palestine either in short or long term.

b.   To enhance the humanitarian aid and deliver the Peace Keeping Corps in Palestine.


2.         To appeal the  UN to :

a.    To stop the Israeli aggression by sending the Peace Corps to Palestine.

b.   To ensure the sovereign of the Palestine country and urges Israel to exiles from the Palestine region.

c.    If point a and b  cannot be executed, Indonesia must encourage all the peace loving countries to urgently reformed the UN.


3.        To further appeal the countries in the Middle East regions in order to accelerate  regional consolidation to be deliberately proactive involving in the cease of Israeli aggression in Palestine.


4.        To invite the government ( regional and central ) and all communities concerned to accommodate  humanitarian support for the victims of Israeli aggression in Palestine.


5.        To  further appeal the International high Court to bring into  court of those who involved in the said crime and give their evidence of  responsibility on the case of  Palestine aggression.   




6. Cluster Munitions


Cluster munitions are the kind of explosive or sub-munitions with round  size as an orange or soft drink that can be attracting to children but its explosion capacity maybe totally damaging a run way of airplanes, tanks or even army troops. Therefore the Secretary General of UN mentioned that “ the atrocious, in human efforts to these weapons should be seriously taken care of”. Hence the campaign of this anti weapon would be supported by all civilians in the world. The forbidden issue of this weapon always appears in every agenda topic of Convention of certain Convention Weapons in Geneve last November 2006. Nevertheless, Indonesia is not a part of this convention. Discussion on this cluster weapon failed to reach a success due to resistance coming from some countries such as USA, UK, The Federation of Russia and China.


7.  Terrorism : refer to APEC point II 1 e.





1.     APEC 2008 in PERU


The result of APEC 2008 from 22 – 23 Nov 2008 with its theme “ A New Commitment to the Asia Pasific Development” has reached the so called APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting Declaration” consists of important issues namely :


a)     Global economic situation and WTO Doha Development Agenda negotiations.

b)     Promoting Food and Energy Securities.

c)      Advancing Regional Integration and proposals for the development of the regional community.

d)      Corporate Social Responsibility ( CSR )

e)     Human securities including counter of Terrorism and Emergency Preparedness, Anti Corruption and Transparency.  


In terrorism issue, all leaders emphasize on the APEC commitment relating to the trade in order to enhance welfare and sustainable development in Asia Pacific Regions from any other natural disaster and welcome to joint initiative Australia – Indonesia Facility on Disaster Reduction.


f)       Anti corruption Declaration on the Financial Markets.



2.     WTO 2008


In general, Indonesia still supports the initiative for continuing Doha Round Meeting. The failure of the Ministerial Level Meeting in July 2008 was a moment for Indonesia to review study in details through the opportunity based on the principle to be defended against further meeting. Indonesia has to review her position maximally  regaring her point of view that the international trade is the source of financial development followed could reduce poverty. So that Indonesia can be more proactive in the next Doha Round Development Meeting and therefore such development becomes an important goal.


Part of Indonesia’s strategies are to actively participate at every group such as G -33, Cairo Group, New G – 6 and NAMA ( Non Agricultural Market Access)- 11 reflecting in WTO as the forum to discuss international trade issues for the benefit of Indonesia.



3.     Sustainable Tourism.


In Indonesia Development Guidelines 1999, tourism in Indonesia has to be developed through an integrated system, interdisciplinary, participatory approach, using economical and technical criteria, ergonomic, sosio cultural sensitivity, energy saving, nature conservation and minimizing the environmental impact. The old tourism development approach has been changed to increase the welfare of local people participating in tourism.


Based on the fact that opportunity to develop ecotourism as a strategy to build sustainable tourism is huge.


Indonesia considers that ecotourism is a comprehensive tool to conserve biodiversity and to involve local communities and organization in a participatory way to drive maximum benefit in a sustainable way. Ecotourism has a potential to improve the quality of the environment, cultural values, local community prosperity, and the quality of human relations in general.


All the abovementioned hope in regard with sustainable tourism would become reality if the following activities can be focused, accelerated and arrange as :


a.    Research and planning


Actively conducting research to find a simple solution in creating models of ecotourism development.


b.    Capacity Building


Improving technical capacity is one of the key of success factors in achieving sustainable tourism management. Empowerment not only be enhanced as local community levelbut more importantly at the level of tourism developers, managers and decision makers. It’s also necessary to build the capacity of ecotourism planning and management by facilitating information access,providing human resources development through training and provide opportunity for internship.


c.     Destination Development


Facilitating regional and local partners to develop their areas to become ecotourism destination development becomes a priority. The role of destination development creates a model of ecotourism development which is appropriate for and can accommodate nature conservation, cultural heritage and community participation.


Some example in the development of community based ecotourism in Togean islands, central Sulawesi, Conservation Education based ecotourism in Gunung Halimun National Park, West Java, Ecotourism Development in Betung Kerihun National Park in West Kalimantan, Community based Ecotourism Development in Menoreh and Borobudur, Magelang district – Central Java, Wakatobi, Island for ocean tourism in south east Sulawesi, and West Bali National Park.


d.    Marketing


Taking the opportunity to promote ecotourism products, in the form of books, newsletters, policy papers and ecotourism packages. As marketing is one of the biggest obstacles in community based ecotourism development in Indonesia. It needs a coordinating market efforts and supported marketing through its international networking.


e.    Monitoring and Evaluation


To guarantee visitors satisfaction, local economic growth, natural resources protection, positive cultural exchange,  heritage preservation and community involvement in ecotourism. It needs to develop guidelines to monitoring and evaluation for ecotourism destinations as part of its responsibility to minimize negative impact. For example, monitoring system in Bodogol Conservation Education Center in Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park, implementing environmental programs in number of hotels in Bali under Bali Focus and supported by Center for Environmental Leadership in Business Conservation International.



4. Food Security  


The rising price of the main food supplies has a direct impact on the food sustainability, not only to the importer  but also to the producer countries. The rising price of food supply will cause the availability of food supply substantially decrease and purchasing power of the low income societies become very low.


The increasing price of food supplies lately will also be triggered by something in dilemma, there is the arising attention towards climate change leading to bio-energy development. In this case, Indonesia has the capability to maintain the balance of the national food  demand and supply, in order to stabilize the national food pricing.


For Indonesia, the main priority is not to decrease the price, but more into stabilizing the food pricing to make it affordable for the low income society. Rational price will be an opportunity, incentive and also a trigger for the farmers to increase the food productivity.


Indonesia considers that farming policy, either at the national or international level should be reorganized. The farming sustainability should be replaced as the center of the national development strategy.



5.   Energy Security   


The energy crisis faced by a number of countries in the world including Indonesia has caused various socio economy impact especially due to the budget burden bearing the subsidy, either the direct fuel subsidy ( domestic and transportation sectors ) or electricity subsidy due to the dependency to fossil energy at the most of electricity reactors.


Indonesia has very big potential renewable energy. The Indonesia’s geographical and natural resources has made several regions capable in developing renewable energy either in small or bigger scales. 


Referring to the unique position of Indonesia as both the energy producer and consumer, in this energy security,  Indonesia stresses on the importance of the energy security of supply and continuing flow of supply. For this reason, the increasing oil price occurred lately became the right momentum to develop the renewable energy.             


Indonesia considers the  importance of  energy diversification through the development of renewable energy as a strategic movement in order to maintain the energy supply security.  In  this case, Indonesia strives to implement the energy mix strategy through increasing the portion of the new energy usage followed by target and certain time period.






1.     Legislation


2.     Parliamentary Capacity Building


3.     Natural Disaster Management


Natural disaster is one of the pressing issues in our region. It inflicts enormous losses in human lives and catastrophic repercussion on economy.  No countries is immune to natural disasters, and no single country can cope with disasters by itself. In addition of preparedness, disasters and emergency responses are trans –boundary in nature. This high level of interdependence should therefore be addressed accordingly through collective measures. Every major disasters requires the immediate emergency responses.


The high potency of natural disasters is basically not more than the natural phenomenon that geographically  specific for our country. Indonesia is an archipelago where the three largest plates of world meet, there are Indo- Australia plate, Eurasia plate, and Pasific plate. The interaction between these plates will further place Indonesia as the region which has a high activity of volcanoes and earthquakes.


At this point, Indonesia is considered as a potential disaster region. So the understanding and sustainable early disaster management should be developed, in order to enable us loving side by side in harmony with it.


One of the strategies to reduce the loss due to  disaster occurrence possibility is by implementing a routine and sustainable mitigation. Mitigation will be more precise and accurate through the risk evaluation approach. Proactive approach to reduce the risk of disasters becomes one of the most important issues of mitigation activities, thatin the end every society is able to adapt with the potential risk of disasters.


There’s the urgency for Indonesia to expedite the birth process of The Disaster Management Act. We monitor that there are many parties that have given input and even assist us in developing the draft of the Bill to the House of Representatives.


Also, the disaster management guidance have been scattered in various international instruments such as Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian / Disaster Relief  sponsored by the Red Cross Federation and Red Crescent International and several international NGOs concerning  in humanitarian aids.


Beside this, simultaneously, legislatives and executives can ratify the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. Therefore, many victims of conflicts and aftermaths in Indonesia often exile and deserted in another country.


Another urgent matter is taking care of the IDPs ( Internally Displaced Persons ) that is outside of the jurisdiction of the 1951 Refugees Convention that only mentions about the inter- country refuge.  This IDP issue should  be integrated with the Disaster Management Act or a new Act should be developed. The reference will lead to The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement produced by Office for Coordinating of humanitarian Agencies ( OCHA ) of the United Nations in 1998.    


4.     Poverty Reduction


Indonesia national development process refers to the Millenium Declaration 2000 aims to increase the level of human quality of life in year 2015, especially through global poverty reduction program. The ultimate challenge faced in order to alleviate poverty is the challenge in  achieving the reduction target in half of the world poverty society. According to MDGs Report in 2006, total population earn less than USD 1 is 19% from the world population. Comparing to previous years, the number of the poverty societies  have been decreased, but total population with extreme poverty has been increased up to 140 millions.     



 In national level, the government should empower and develop SME (Small Medium Enterprises ) in order to alleviate poverty especially through micro credit financing. In this case, Indonesia should put effort on increasing her role and participation of the developing countries effectively in the decision making in international finance especially in the FID frame. International aid channelled to developing countries for carrying development, is manifested in the form of ODA, elimination or reduction of foreign debt, and increasing capacity. It’s also given through the increasing access towards international money market.


Indonesia should also encourage the donor countries, financial institutions and also the UN so that debt swap for MDGs and debt to equity swap can be accepted widely. 



5.     Gender Issues in Parliament


As stated by Kofi Annan, former secretary general of the United Nations, the role of women in decision making was central to the advancement of women around the world. As women are effected as any man by the challenges facing humanity in the 21st century, it is therefore, right and indeed, necessary that women should be engaged in decision 


Therefore, Indonesia should  promote processes to further confine women to play more active role in all aspects of our life, ultimately in state hood and in governance. Attention should be given on how to  address women’s under representation in national government around the world, and particularly in the Asia Pacific. Furthermore, we should also promote woman empowerment through adequate and equal access to good education, capacity building and cooperation. Exchange of best practices among our nation is one sure way to achieve it.


Efforts at national levels should be undertake, which includes campaign to increase awareness, policy reforms, improved legislative frameworks and institution development, establishment of national policies an of women strategies for gender equality and regional instruments for the protection of the human right    (attached by its paper issued by IPU) 



1. APPF Membership

2. APPF Observer  Status

3. APPF Rules of Procedures

4. Date and venue of APPF’S18th Annual Meeting

5. Others



Exhibition of Paintings 1991

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MADE WIANTA RETROSPECTIVE EXHIBITION,  23 December 2000 – 31 January 2001


Posted in ASIAN PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY ( APA ), RUDANA - THE INDONESIAN SENATOR with tags on December 4, 2008 by Nyoman Rudana


Senator Nyoman Rudana attended the 3rd PLENARY SESSION of ASIAN PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY 2008 at The House of Regional Representatives compound, 27 November 2008.




Senator Nyoman Rudana stood behind the white army supporting  President SBY planted a tree at the opening of APA 2008




Senator Nyoman Rudana posed with Miss Indonesia and all the runner ups from different provinces of Indonesia



About the APA



The APA was born out of Association of Asian Parliaments for Peace (AAPP) in November, 2006, in Tehran. The establishment of the AAPP goes back to 1999 when a group of Asian parliamentarians decided to join forces toward promoting peace and human rights in Asia. In 2006, while broadening areas of cooperation, and emphasizing their desire for taking serious steps toward integration, member parliaments set in a process that would eventually lead us to an Asian common legislative mechanism. Unlike AAPP, members of the APA Plenary must be elected by members of member parliaments. This gives the APA an unprecedented and unique status in Asia. The APA comprises, in 2007, of 40 Member Parliaments and 18 observers. Each Member Parliament has a specific number of seats in the Assembly based on the size of their population. The number of total seats, and therefore, number of votes, is currently 206. Members of Assembly must be elected by members of the Member Parliaments. The APA Charter and Tehran Declaration lay out a framework of cooperation among Asian countries, and point out to a vision; that is Asian Integration.


The Secretary General is HE Dr. M.H. Nejad – Hosseinian from Iran.

The APA members have requested the President, in the final declaration of the First Session of the APA Plenary, to consult with member parliaments and governments about several issues, including:

1- Pact of Friendship in Asia.

2- Integrated Energy Market in Asia.

3- Asian Monetary Fund. (Paragraph 30 of Tehran Declaration)

4- Globalization; Opportunities and Challenges for Asia

5- Reducing Poverty in Asia, UN MDG.

6- Cultural Diversity, the Strength of Asia.

7- Combating Corruption, and promoting Good Governance.

8- Drafting the APA Rules of Procedures. (As required under Article 15 of the     


9- Preparing the agenda and organization of the Joint Conference of the APA

     parliamentarians and Foreign Ministers of the member states.

10- Developing possible areas for enacting common legislations.

11- Organizing a public information campaign.



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The House of Regional Representatives of The Republic of Indonesia or Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Republik Indonesia ( DPD – RI  ) is a legislative chamber that was established in 2004 and focuses on regional affairs. It is sometimes called as Regional Representatives Council . Each province has four representatives who are elected in a general election every five years as independent candidates. The DPD RI is located in the National Parliamentary Compound in Senayan area in South Jakarta .



Left to right : senator Laode Ida, senator Ginandjar Kartasasmita, senator Irman Gusman, at the DPD-RI Plenary Meeting 22 August 2008


The leadership of the DPD-RI consists of Chairperson and a maximum of two Vice Chairpersons. Under the DPD-RI’s Standing Orders, the composition of the DPD-RI Leadership must reflect representation for the regions of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. This entails representation for three broad regions :

The Western Region, comprising the islands of Sumatra, the Riau Islands and the Banka – Belitung Islands.

The Central Region, comprising the islands of Java, Bali and Kalimantan ( Borneo ).

The Eastern Region, comprising the island of Sulawesi, the Maluku Islands ( Moluccas ), Papua and Nusa Tenggara.


The duties of the DPD-RI leadership include serving as spokepersons for the DPD-RI, implementing and publicizing decisions of the DPD-RI, and holding consultations with the President of the Republic of Indonesia and with other institutions.


The DPD RI leadership for 2004 – 2009, effected on 1 October 2004


Prof.Dr.Ir.H.Ginandjar Kartasasmita

Chairperson of the DPD-RI.


A senior figure on Indonesia’s political stage, he has held numerous important government positions. He served as  Minister of Mining and Energy ( 1988 – 1993 ), and as Coordinating Minister for the Economy, Finance and Industry, a position which he held concurrently with that of Chairman of the National Development Planning Agency ( Bappenas ) from March – May 1998. From 1999 to 2004, he served as Vice Chairperson of the People’s Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia from the Golkar fraction. In the direct selection for the DPD-RI, he took first place in the Province of West Java.


La Ode Ida, Phd

Vice Chairperson of the DPD-RI.


Senator La Ode Ida ( center ) with senator Nyoman Rudana and Mrs. Siti Nurbaya (  Secretary General of DPD – RI )  at the hotel, after finishing the Workshop at Wroxton College, Oxfordshire, UK



With a strong tract record as an NGO activist, he has extensive experience in working with stakeholders at the grassroots, which is a significant element to strengthen the role of DPD-RI. He has also regularly analyzed political developments in articles written for various media. He served as consultant in the World Bank’s National Management Team ( 2001 – 2002 ) and most recently as a member of the Constitutional Committee established by the MPR-RI to comprehensively examine the amendments to the 1945 Constitution. He took first place in the 2004 elections in the Province of Southeast Sulawesi.


H. Irman Gusman, SE, MBA.

 Vice Chairperson of the DPD-RI.


Senator Irman Gusman ( 2nd from left ) with President of Timor Leste H.E. Xanana Gusmao ( left ), senator Nyoman Rudana ( center ) and senator Ginandjar Kartasasmita, 2005




A prominent representatives of the business community within the DPD-RI, he’s one of the several young entrepreneurs holding seats in the DPD-RI. A graduate of a US university, he has vast experience in the private sector. His main political experience has been as Deputy Chairperson of the Regional Delegates Faction ( Fraksi Utusan Daerah / F-UD ) in the People’s Consultative Assembly ( MPR-RI ) from 1999 to 2004.  In the direct election for the dPD-RI, he took first place in West Sumatra.





The DPD-RI was created to give a voice to the regions in national politics.

It conveys the aspirations of the provinces to the House of Representatives or Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat  ( DPR –RI) and to the central government by  proposing policies and legislation. By acting as a bridge between the regions and national government, the DPD-RI aims to improve the welfare of the people in the regions.


 Flag defile  prior one of the plenary meeting




The creation of the DPD-RI was one of the fruits of the reform movement that ended the domination of Indonesia’s authoritarian regime, or New Order in 1998. During the 50 years prior to reformation movement in 1998, the central government wielded strong control over the regions, particularly over political life and economic policies.


This led to weak political participation by ordinary people and to economicpolicies that often fell short of meeting the needs and demands of the people of the regions.


Through the 3rd amendment to the 1945 Constitution in 2001, an agreement was reached to create the DPD-RI. This new legislative body aims to ensure that the issues faced by the regionswill receive more attention from the central government than they did in the past.


President SBY delivered his speech on regional development at the Plenary Meeting of DPD-RI, 22 August 2008


Since the DPD RI was established through the April 2004 elections,the Indonesian parliament has had two legislative chambers – the DPR-RI and the DPD-RI, which together constitute the MPR-RI ( People’s Consultative Assembly ), in their capacity as membersof the MPR-RI, the DPD-RI members have the powers to amend the Constitution and to dismiss the President and or Vice President during his / her term of office in accordance with the Constitution.


In the DPD-RI, the first house of MPR-RI, provinces with larger populations have larger numbers of seats. By contrast, in the DPD-RI, every province has the same number of seats. This means that in the DPD-RI, all the provinces have equal powers.


The members of DPD-RI are independent figures who are wellknown to the public in their respective provinces. They are elected directly in a general election.




The DPD-RI is constantly communicating with the public in the regions and local governments and consults with experts to formulate improvements in government policy and to ensure their implementation.


1. Propose Bills to the DPR-RI


Only bills that deals with regional autonomy, relations between the central and regional governments, establishing, partitioning and merging regions, management of natural resources and other economic resources, and fiscal equalization between the central and regional governments.


2. Participate in the discussion of bills together with the DPR-RI


The DPD-RI may take part in discussion of bills related for regional autonomy that have proposedby either government or the DPR-RI, limited to only the bills mentioned under heading ( 1 ) above.


3. Provide advice to the DPR-RI


 The DPD-RI provides advice to the DPR-RI on bills relating to the State Budget, taxation, education, and religious affairs; it also provides opinions to the DPR-RI in the selection of members of the BPK ( National Audit Board ).


4. Oversee the implementation of laws


Laws on regional autonomy, establishment, partitioning, and merging of regions; relations between the central and regional governments; management of natural resources and the other economic resources; implementation of the State Budget; taxation, education and religious affairs.




The DPD-RI consists of the four members per province, or 128 members who represent the 32 provinces of the Republic of Indonesia. The newly established Province of West Sulawesi is represented by the four members elected in Southeast Sulawesi.


For the first period of 2004 – 2009, political party officials are forbidden to become the members of DPD RI, but for the next period of 2009 – 2013, there are several major changes of the DPD-RI candidates prerequisites, including that the members of political parties are eligible to apply as the candidate of DPD RI.




Vision of the DPD-RI


To become a strong, equal and effective legislative institution to struggle for the aspirations of the people and the regions to achieve a dignified, prosperous and just Indonesian society within the framework of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia.


Mission of DPD-RI


To enhance the role and position of the DPD-RIin order to strengthen Indonesia’s system of checks and balances through the amendment of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.


To struggle for the aspirations of the people and the regions to achieve euiatable and sustainable public welfare.


To develop mutual cooperation with the main stakeholders in the regions and the center.


To attract greater attention from the central government on important regional issues. To strive for greater legislative powers in order to better represent the regions.


With fellow DPD members from different regions, after meeting.


DPD-RI Plenary meeting




As representatives of the provinces, the DPD-RI members must have strong links with their constituents. In order to achieve this, they must continuously interact with the regions. This is why the DPD-RI’s legislative calendar requires members to go back to their provinces during recess in order to maintain these strong links.


In the effort to represent the aspirations of the people in the regions, intensive consultations between the DPD-RI members and their constituents during the DPD-RI’s first year of operations produced eight strategic issues that will be the priority of the DPD-RI in its current mandate until 2009. These eight strategic issues are :

1.      Health and education.

2.      Empowerment of women and guarantees for the welfare of children.

3.      Regional autonomy, balance of ower between the center and the regions, reducing economic inequality between regions and management of natural resources.

4.      Active participation in the making of the draft national budget.

5.      Oversee the implementation of the national budget.

6.      Eradication of corruption.

7.       Protection of traditional rights and cultures.

8.      Understanding and applying religious values in society.




MAIN TASKS OF THE DPD – RI 2004 – 2009


Ad Hoc Committees ( Panitia Ad Hoc or PAH ) are the core committees of the DPD-RI.  Their purpose is to discuss bills tabled by the government, the DPR RI and the DPD-RI itself.


The duties of the Ad Hoc committees are to ensure that the DPD-RI’s coreb Advisory and Oversight functions are carried out effectively. The Ad Hoc committees are responsible tocoordinate relevant research, policy analysis and draft the DPD-RI’s consideration ( formal report with recommendations ) to be submitted to the DPR-RI.


The Ad Hoc Committees have the following areas of jurisdiction :

Ad Hoc Committee I is  responsible for regional autonomy, center – regions relationship, establishment, partitioning and merger of regions.


Ad Hoc Committee II  is responsible for management of natural resources and other economic resources.


Ad Hoc Committee III    is responsible for education, religious affairs, health and empowerment of women.


Ad Hoc Committee IV is responsible for ensuring center – regions financial equality, and deliberation on the selection process of National Audit Board ( BPK ) members.


In addition, the DPD has six supporting committees, as follows :

1.      Consultative Committee ( Panitia Musyawarah /PANMUS ) is a body with primary responsibility is to determine the agenda of DPD-RI.


2.      Committee for International Cooperation ( Panitia Kerjasama Antar Lembaga Pemerintah / PKALP is a committee aims at establishing good relationships and cooperation with other representative institutions and acts as the main interlocutor for foreign assistance to the DPD-RI.


3.      Bill Drafting Committee ( Panitia Perancang Undang – Undang / PPUU ) is a committee responsible for preparing the bills that are discussed by the DPD-RI or those for submittal to the DPD-RI, and to develop internal house rules ( Standing Orders ) for the DPD-RI.


4.      Ethics Council ( Badan Kehormatan / BK ) is a committee ensures appropriate conduct by the members of the DPD-RI. It conducts investigations and verifications of complaints by and / or about DPD-RI members.


5.      House of Committee ( Panitia Urusan Rumah Tangga / PURT ) deals with the DPD-RI’s internal housekeeping policies. The duties of the committee are to assist the DPD-RI leadership in planning and preparing budget for effective operations of the DPD-RI.


6.      DPD-RI Task Force in the MPR-RI ( Kelompok Anggota DPD di MPR RI ) consists of a group of 32 DPD-RI members whose aim is to maximize the effectiveness of the DPD-RI by lobbying party grouping in the MPR-RI in order to achieve strategic goals.




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Posted in RUDANA - THE INDONESIAN SENATOR on December 3, 2008 by Nyoman Rudana


Senator Nyoman Rudana welcomed President of India HE. Mrs. Paratibha Devisingh Patil along with senator  Ginandjar Kartasasmita, Chairman of DPD-RI  ( middle ) and senator Irman Gusman,Vice Chairman of DPD RI, ( right ) at Nusantara 3 building, The House of Representative Compound, Jakarta, 1 December 2008